An average of 2.3 people occupied each of the 26.4 million households in the nation, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).
The swelling number of inhabitants is likely to have contributed significantly to problem with a lack of supply in the housing market.
Construction of new homes has failed to keep up with the ever-increasing demand, meaning many families, couples and individuals today struggle to find suitable accommodation.
Chief executive at Shelter Campbell Robb said: "House building is currently at its lowest levels for almost a century."
However, measures announced in the 2013 Budget demonstrate that getting Britain building again is high on the agenda.
Chancellor George Osborne revealed that £130 billion will be allocated to a loan guarantee scheme, which should enable more firms to start new projects.